The energy released by proton movement through atp synthase ___________.

Posted By Admin @ September 03, 2022


How is the energy used to make ATP via the electron transport chain generated? a The energy from electrons bound to reduced coenzymes is used to create a steep electrochemical gradient. b) Electrons bound to NADH are used to generate a H ion gradient across the inner mitochondrial membrane. c) Electrons bound to FADH2 are used to generate a proton gradient across the inner mitochondrial membrane. d) Electrons bound to NADH are used to generate a proton gradient across the inner mitochondrial membrane. e) All of these are correct.



The correct answer is option e) "All of these are correct".


The production of ATP via the electron transport chain is a complex pathway that follows multiple steps and multiple proteins. These steps include: the creation of a steep electrochemical gradient that activates ATP synthase, as well as the generation of a H ion gradient across the inner mitochondrial membrane, which drives ATP synthesis during oxidative phosphorylation by electrons binding to NADH and FADH2.

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